EARLY HISTORY OF THE BLOODHOUND . . 16th Century continued: Turbervile
Turbervile (or Gascoigne)
THE NOBLE ART OF VENERIE OR HUNTYNG 1575, is usually ascribed to George Turbervile,
although the OED and Oxford Dictionary of National Biography attribute it to George Gascoigne.
This is most important, and contains many references to Bloodhounds, but it is also
potentially very deceiving. For instance it is, as far as I know, the earliest book
to link up the Bloodhound with the St Hubert Hound. It is quoted, and pictures
from it printed, in Brey and Reed: The Complete Bloodhound (1978)
pages 18-21. The entire relevant section is as follows:
Of blacke hounds aunciently come from Sainct Huberts abbay in Ardene. Chap. 5
The hounds which we call Sainct Huberts houndes, are commonly all blacke, yet
neuerthelesse, their race is so mingled at these dayes, that we find them of all colours.
These are the hounds which the Abbots of Sainct Hubert haue always kept some of
their race or kynde, in honour and remembrance of the Sainct which was a hunter
with Sainct Eustace. Whervpon we may coniecture that (by the grace of God) all
good huntsmen shall follow them into Paradise. To returne vnto my former purpose,
this kind of Dogges hath been dispersed thorough the Countries of Hennault,
Lorayne, Flanders and Burgonye they are mighty of body, neuerthelesse, their
legges are lowe and short, likewise they are not swift, although they be very good
of sent, hunting chaces which are farre straggled, fearing neyther water nor colde,
and do more couet the chaces that smell, as Foxes, Bore, and suche like, than other,
bycause they find themselues neyther of swiftnesse nor courage to hunte and kill the
chaces that are lighter and swifter. The Bloudhoundes of this colour prooue good,
especially those that are cole blacke, but I make no great accompte to breede on
them, or to keepe the kinde, and yet I founde once a Booke whiche a hunter did
dedicate to a Prince of Lorayne, whiche seemed to loue Hunting much, wherin was
a blason which the same hunter gave to his Bloudhound called Soygllard, which
My name came first from holy Huberts Race
Soygllard my Sire, a hound of singilar grace.
Whervpon we may presume that some of the kind proue white sometimes, but they are
not of the kind of the Greffyrs or Bauxes which we haue at these dayes.